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Business and Management Words to Use in IB Assignments

Business and Management Words

As an experienced IB writer, mostly specialized in internal assessment writing, I’ve seen firsthand the transformative power of language in shaping a student’s academic path. Mastering the art of using specific Business and Management words isn’t just about acing your IB assignments; it’s about laying a foundation for future success in this dynamic field.

Importance of Language in Business and Management

In IB Business and Management, every term you use can clarify or confuse your argument. From my experience, the key to excellence in IB assignments lies in effectively communicating complex ideas. Therefore, a good grasp of business terminology is not just beneficial; it’s essential.

Let’s face it: communication is the heartbeat of Business and Management. Whether presenting a business plan or writing a report, your chosen words can make a significant difference. According to general IB criteria, Business and Management essays and reports demonstrating clear and professional communication receive higher marks.

Moreover, understanding industry-specific jargon is crucial. These terms, often intimidating at first, can become your allies in expressing sophisticated concepts. Students using industry-specific terminology often demonstrate a deeper understanding of the Business and Management subject matter.

Also, applying these terms in real-world scenarios is equally essential, regardless of the topic you choose. Case studies and real-life examples demonstrate your understanding of the terms and ability to apply them in practical situations. This skill is highly valued in both IB assignments and the business world.

Business and Management Words: Vocabulary

Now, we will focus on the crux of the matter — the vocabulary. There are specific Business and Management words that you should be familiar with for your IB assignments. These terms are the tools that will help you articulate your ideas with precision and clarity.

  • Added Value. The enhancement a company gives its product or service before offering the product to customers.
  • Businesses. These are commercial organizations that provide goods and services to consumers.
  • Capital. Financial assets, such as cash and buildings, used by a business to produce goods and services.
  • Capital Goods. Physical assets that a company uses in the production process to manufacture products and services that consumers will later use.
  • Capital Intensive. A business process or an industry that requires large amounts of money to produce goods or services.
  • Chain of Production. The development and movement of goods from the raw material stage to the final consumer.
  • Cost vs. Price. Cost refers to the amount spent to produce a product, whereas price is the amount customers are charged for a product.
  • Consumer Goods. Goods sold to consumers for their personal or household use.
  • Developing Countries. Countries with a less developed industrial base and a lower Human Development Index than others.
  • Division of Labour. The assignment of different parts of a manufacturing process or task to different people to improve efficiency.
  • Efficiency. The ability to accomplish something with the least waste of time and effort.
  • Entrepreneurs. Individuals who, rather than working as an employee, run a small business and assume all the risks and rewards of a given business venture, idea, or good or service offered for sale.
  • Exogenous Shocks. External unexpected events, such as a natural disaster or a sudden regulatory change, affect an economic system.
  • Extraction. The process of removing raw materials from the earth for use in production.
  • Factor Costs. The costs of the factors of production used by a company to produce goods or services.
  • Factors of Production. The inputs that are used in the production of goods or services in the attempt to make an economic profit. These include land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurship.
  • Finance. The management of large amounts of money, especially by governments or large companies.
  • Functional Areas. Different parts of a business, such as marketing, operations, and finance, each focus on specific functions that are important to the business.
  • Horizontal Integration. The acquisition of additional business activities at the same value chain level.
  • Human Resources. The department of a business or organization deals with hiring, administration, and training personnel.
  • Industrialization. The process by which an economy is transformed from primarily agricultural to one based on manufacturing goods.
  • Inputs. The resources, such as material, labor, services, and equipment, are transformed into outputs.
  • Interdependence. A relationship between countries or organizations where they rely on one another for resources or services.
  • Intrapreneurship. The act of behaving like an entrepreneur while working within a large organization.
  • Labour. The human effort is used in the production of goods and services.
  • Labour Intensive. A process or industry that requires a large amount of labor to produce its goods or services.
  • Land. The original and inexhaustible gift of nature. In business, it refers to all natural resources.
  • Marketing. The action or business of promoting and selling products or services, including market research and advertising.
  • Merger. The combination of two or more companies into a single entity aims to improve performance and efficiency.
  • Money Inflows and Outflows. Inflows refer to the cash a business receives from various sources, while outflows refer to money being spent or withdrawn.
  • Non-Renewable Resources. Resources that do not renew themselves at a sufficient rate for sustainable economic extraction.
  • Operations. The day-to-day activities required for continued business functioning.
  • Opportunity Cost. The cost of an alternative that must be forgone to pursue a specific action.
  • Organisational Boundary. The defined outline of company processes, structures, and operations that differentiates it from other organizations.
  • Outputs. The goods or services produced by a company.
  • Primary Sector. The part of the economy that produces raw materials; examples include agriculture, fishing, mining, and forestry.
  • Processes. The series of actions or steps to achieve a particular end in a business.
  • Producer Goods. Goods produced for other businesses to use in producing other goods or services.
  • Productivity. The effectiveness of productive effort, especially in industry, as measured in the output rate per input unit.
  • Profit. The financial gain, especially the difference between the amount earned and spent in buying, operating, or producing something.
  • Quaternary Sector. A way to describe a knowledge-based part of the economy includes services such as information technology, information generation and -sharing, media, and research and development.
  • Raw Materials. The material from which a product is made, typically unprocessed or minimally processed materials, is used in the first stages of production.
  • Renewable Resources. Natural resources like wood or solar energy can be replenished naturally with time.
  • Revenue vs. Profit. Revenue is a company’s total income from selling its goods and services. At the same time, profit is the income that remains after accounting for all expenses, debts, additional income streams, and operating costs.
  • Secondary Sector. The part of the economy that transforms the raw materials into manufactured goods and products.
  • Sectoral Change. The shift in the relative share of national output and employment is attributed to each business sector.
  • Specialization. The process of concentrating on and becoming an expert in a particular subject or skill.
  • Stakeholders. Individuals or groups with an interest or concern in an organization can affect or be affected by the organization’s actions, objectives, and policies.
  • Shareholders. Individuals or institutions that legally own one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation. 
  • Standardization. The process of implementing and developing technical standards is based on different parties’ consensus.
  • Structural Change. A shift or change in how a market or economy functions or operates.
  • Tertiary Sector. The segment of the economy that provides services to its consumers.
  • Vertical Integration. The combination of two or more stages of production, generally operated by separate companies.
Business and Management Words

I encourage you to expand your vocabulary continually. Reading widely, participating in discussions, and seeking feedback are excellent ways to improve your command of Business and Management terminology.

All Business and Management Words for IB Assignments

This extensive list includes many concepts fundamental to understanding Business and Management.

Business Organization and Structure

  • Company
  • Deed of Partnership
  • Private Limited Company
  • Public Limited Company
  • Sole Trader
  • Partnerships
  • Memorandum of Association
  • Article of Association
  • Certificate of Incorporation
  • Public Corporations
  • Private Sector
  • Public Sector
  • Public Private Enterprise
  • Social Enterprise
  • Non-governmental Organizations (NGO)

Economic Systems and Market Types

  • Command Economy
  • Free Market
  • Mixed Economy
  • Microfinance Provider

Financial and Investment Terms

  • Annual General Meeting
  • Divorce of Ownership and Control
  • Limited Liability
  • Unlimited Liability
  • Silent Partner
  • Stock Exchange
  • Sales Revenue

Strategic Management

  • Aims
  • Objectives
  • Strategic Objectives
  • Vision Statement
  • Mission Statements
  • Corporate Culture
  • CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility)
  • Ansoff Matrix
  • SWOT Analysis
  • Tactics
  • Strategy

Market Dynamics and Economic Indicators

  • Aggregate Demand
  • Business Cycle
  • Economic Growth
  • Economic Recovery
  • Economic Volatility
  • Inflation
  • Interest Rate
  • Recession
  • Unemployment Rate

Legal and Ethical Aspects

  • Business Ethics
  • Corporate Tax
  • Dividends
  • Government Debt
  • Compliance Costs
  • Consumer Protection Legislation
  • Employee Protection Legislation

Business Operations and Processes

  • Automation
  • Benchmarking Data
  • Capital Gains Tax
  • Competition Legislation
  • Deficits
  • Deflationary Fiscal Policy
  • Economic Fluctuations
  • Expansionary Fiscal Policy
  • External Costs
  • Fiscal Policy
  • Gearing

Decision Making and Analysis Tools

  • Business Plan
  • Cost Benefit Analysis
  • Decision-Making Framework
  • Decision Nodes
  • Decision Tree
  • Defects
  • Fishbone Diagram
  • Force Field Analysis
  • Gantt Chart
  • Pareto Analysis
  • The 5 Whys

Trade and Globalization

  • Balance of Payments
  • Barriers to Entry
  • Exchange Rate
  • Export Earnings
  • Export Sales
  • Free Trade
  • Globalization
  • International Trade Balance
  • Protectionism
  • Trading Barriers

Business Growth and Development

  • Economies of Scale
  • Economies of Scope
  • External Growth
  • Franchise
  • Horizontal Integration
  • Vertical Integration
  • Joint Venture
  • Merger
  • Multinational Company

Stakeholders and Corporate Governance

  • Conflict
  • Directors
  • External Stakeholders
  • Industry Trade Groups
  • Internal Stakeholders
  • Managers
  • Pressure Groups
  • Shareholder
  • Special Interest Group
  • Stakeholder Mapping
  • Stockholders

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In conclusion, the art of using the right Business and Management words in your IB assignments is a skill that requires practice and dedication. As someone who has walked this path, I assure you it is well worth the effort. It will improve your academic performance and prepare you for the challenges of the business world. Also, remember that you can always contact our Extended Essay Writers if you need help with IB assignments.

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